Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Fair Value Measurements (Notes)

Fair Value Measurements (Notes)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Disclosures [Text Block]
A hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value is in place that distinguishes market data between observable independent market inputs and unobservable market assumptions by the reporting entity. The hierarchy is intended to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Three levels within the hierarchy may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1: Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
Level 2: Inputs include data points that are observable such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and inputs (other than quoted prices) such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3: Inputs are generated from model-based techniques that use significant assumptions not observable in the market. These unobservable assumptions reflect an entity’s own estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the fair value hierarchy utilized to determine such fair values is as follows at December 31, 2016 (in thousands):
Fair Value Measurements Using
Total Fair
Value at
December 31, 2016
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
(Level 1)
Significant Other
(Level 2)
(Level 3)
Derivative warrant liability




In conjunction with the October 21, 2016 debt financing, the Company issued a warrant for the purchase of up to 314,286 shares of the Company's common stock, the entire portion of which remained unexercised and outstanding at December 31, 2016. The warrant, which expires on October 21, 2026, has an exercise price of $2.80 per share and is transferrable. The warrant contains a cash settlement feature contingent upon the occurrence of certain events defined in the warrant agreement. As a result of this cash settlement feature, the warrant is subject to derivative accounting as prescribed under ASC 815. Accordingly, the fair value of the warrant on the date of issuance was recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as a liability.
The warrant liability was recorded in the Company's consolidated balance sheets at its fair value on the date of issuance and is revalued on each subsequent balance sheet date until such instrument is exercised or expires, with any changes in the fair value between reporting periods recorded as other income or expense. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded a non-cash gain from the change in fair value of the warrant liability of $137,000. The decrease in fair value of the warrant liability during the year ended December 31, 2016 was primarily driven by a decrease in the Company’s stock price.
The Company estimates the fair value of this liability using an option pricing model that is based on the individual characteristics of the warrant on the valuation date, which includes assumptions for expected volatility, expected life and risk-free interest rate, as well as the present value of the minimum cash payment component of the instrument. Changes in the assumptions used could have a material impact on the resulting fair value. The primary input affecting the value of the warrant liability is the Company’s stock price. Generally, increases (decreases) in the fair value of the underlying stock would result in a corresponding increase (decrease) in the fair value of the warrant liability.
The Company classified the warrant liability as Level 3 due to the lack of relevant observable market data over fair value inputs such as the probability-weighting of the various scenarios in the arrangement. The following table represents a rollforward of the fair value of the Level 3 instrument (significant unobservable inputs):
Balance at December 31, 2015

Issuance of warrant instrument

Change in fair value
Balance at December 31, 2016

The Company had no assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2015.