Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation

v3.19.3
Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation
Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation
Qumu Corporation ("Qumu" or the "Company") provides the software solutions to create, manage, secure, distribute and measure the success of live and on-demand video for enterprises. The Qumu platform enables global organizations to drive employee engagement, increase access to video, and modernize the workplace by providing a more efficient and effective way to share knowledge. The world’s largest organizations leverage the Qumu platform for a variety of cloud, on-premise and hybrid deployments. Use cases including self-service webcasting, sales enablement, internal communications, product training, regulatory compliance and customer engagement. The Company markets its products to customers primarily in North America, Europe and Asia.
The Company views its operations and manages its business as one segment and one reporting unit. Factors used to identify the Company's single operating segment and reporting unit include the financial information available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker in making decisions about how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company manages the marketing of its products and services through regional sales representatives and independent distributors in the United States and international markets.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared by the Company in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Pursuant to such rules and regulations, certain financial information and footnote disclosures normally included in a complete set of financial statements have been condensed or omitted. However, in the opinion of management, the financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations and cash flows of the interim periods presented. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Leases
The Company is a lessee in several non-cancellable (1) operating leases, primarily for office space, and (2) finance leases, for certain IT equipment. Beginning January 1, 2019, the Company accounts for leases in accordance with ASU 2016-02, Leases, and the related amendments (collectively, "Topic 842"). The Company determines if an arrangement is or contains a lease at contract inception and recognizes a right of use (ROU) asset and a lease liability at the lease commencement date.
For operating leases, the lease liability is initially and subsequently measured at the present value of the unpaid lease payments at the lease commencement date. For finance leases, the lease liability is initially measured in the same manner and at the same date as for operating leases, and is subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.
Key estimates and judgments in accounting for leases under Topic 842 include how the Company determines (1) the discount rate it uses to discount the unpaid lease payments to present value, (2) lease term and (3) lease payments.
ASC 842 requires a lessee to discount its unpaid lease payments using the interest rate implicit in the lease or, if that rate cannot be readily determined, its incremental borrowing rate. Generally, the Company cannot determine the interest rate implicit in the lease because it does not have access to the lessor’s information. Therefore, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate as the discount rate for the lease. The Company’s incremental borrowing rate for a lease is the rate of interest it would have to pay on a collateralized basis to borrow an amount equal to the lease payments under similar terms.
The lease term for all of the Company’s leases includes the non-cancellable period of the lease plus any additional periods covered by either a Company option to extend the lease that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise, or an option to extend the lease controlled by the lessor.
Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability include the fixed payments owed over the lease term, termination penalties, amounts expected to be payable under a residual-value guarantee, and the exercise price of an option to purchase the asset if the Company is reasonably certain to exercise the option.
The ROU asset is initially measured at cost, which comprises the initial amount of the lease liability adjusted for lease payments made at or before the lease commencement date, plus any initial direct costs incurred less any lease incentives received.
For operating leases, the ROU asset is subsequently measured throughout the lease term at the carrying amount of the lease liability, plus initial direct costs, plus any prepaid lease payments, less the unamortized balance of lease incentives received. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
For finance leases, the ROU asset is subsequently amortized using the straight-line method from the lease commencement date to the earlier of the end of its useful life or the end of the lease term.
The Company has elected not to recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases that have a lease term of 12 months or less. The Company recognizes the lease payments associated with its short-term leases as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
Leases (Topic 842)
On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases, and the related amendments (collectively, "Topic 842"), using the modified retrospective transition approach as of the effective date. The comparative information in the condensed consolidated financial statements has not been revised and continues to be reported under the previously applicable lease accounting guidance.
In addition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients, which permits the Company not to reassess under the new standard its prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. The Company did not adopt the hindsight practical expedient, and therefore continues to utilize lease terms determined under pre-Topic 842 lease guidance.
As a result of adopting ASU 2016-02, the Company recognized additional operating lease liabilities of $1.9 million (of which $759,000 was current and $1.1 million was non-current) and corresponding ROU assets of $1.4 million as of January 1, 2019. Additionally, upon adoption of this standard, the Company recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment to accumulated deficit of $190,000, net of taxes, as of January 1, 2019. The new lease guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations or cash flows or compliance with debt covenants. For additional information regarding the Company's leases, see Note 3–"Commitments and Contingencies."
The cumulative effect of the changes made to our January 1, 2019 condensed consolidated balance sheet from the modified retrospective adoption of Topic 842 is as follows (in thousands):
 
December 31,
2018
 
Adjustments
 
January 1,
2019
Assets:
 
 
 
 


Property and equipment
$
545

 
$
124

 
$
669

Operating lease assets

 
1,367

 
1,367

Liabilities:
 

 
 

 


Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
$
2,838

 
$
(211
)
 
$
2,627

Operating lease liabilities

 
759

 
759

Deferred rent
45

 
(45
)
 

Operating lease liabilities, non-current

 
1,100

 
1,100

Deferred rent, non-current
302

 
(302
)
 

Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

 


Accumulated deficit
$
(58,875
)
 
$
190

 
$
(58,685
)


Adjustments to accounts payable and other accrued liabilities include the derecognition of a contract termination obligation of $218,000 upon adoption of Topic 842. See Note 3–"Commitments and Contingencies" for additional information.
Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220)
On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2018-02, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to retained earnings (accumulated deficit) for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 and requires certain disclosures regarding stranded tax effects in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The Company did not reclassify any income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 from accumulated other comprehensive loss to accumulated deficit as a result of the adoption
of this standard.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), which changes the fair value measurement disclosure requirements of ASC 820. The ASU is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted for any eliminated or modified disclosures upon issuance of this ASU. The Company does not believe the impact of adopting this standard will be material to its consolidated financial statements disclosures.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The purpose of the amendment is to simplify how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. This standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company does not believe the impact of adopting this standard will be material to its consolidated financial statements.